The Narikala - Fortress

At the peak of Sololaki Range there are ruins of Narikala. Whenever you go around old Tbilisi – you can see it everywhere. The unique strategic position was taken into consideration by both local rulers and foreign conquerors, and both of them turned Narikala into their residence and headquarters. The technique of the wall construction is astounding – powerful cobble-stones resurveyed by huge bricks. Under the fortress there is a single tower, which might have been served as an entrance. This tower nearly descends to the quarter of warm springs. In the system of fortification constructions dominates a tall four-angle donjon – Istanbul tower with crumbled top. It was erected in the second half of the 16th century and got its name “Istanbul tower” within a short period of Turkish domination, when Turks imprisoned unsubdued citizens there. On its western side coming to a single gentle slope of the crest there is a powerful frame of a tower fort Shah-Takhti. In the 7-9th centuries an Observatory was held there. The appearance of this citadel is referred to the 4th century after Christ. The citadel was built by the order of Vakhtang Gorgasali (4-5th centuries) but it was considerably increased by Arabs in 7-8th centuries. In the citadel itself, in its lower part, there is Saint Nicholas Temple. It appeared at the edge of the 12-13 centuries and has been recently fully reconstructed. The temple on the site of its present construction existed since 1122 as minimum, when David the Builder entered the residence of the former emir. And before that there might have been Emir Mosque on the temple’s spot.